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Unformatted text preview: corrosion ionic bonds. Some of the more common ionic compoundsfreeze during equilibrium due to the pattern of latent he
formation of and mechanical fatigue occur
poration of a Group V ﬁeld.
electric or VI
electronicand Li) combining with electronegative elements
polarization The temporary displacement of
electropositive Group I elements effects are much more serious than
and their synergistic (Na
long-range in the Existence of a regular repeating
from either Group VIIThe or F) or Group VI (O) to form alkalian
(Cl energy required to remove halidescharge in atomsorder
the center of positive and negative (LiF, NaCl) and
oxides (Li and Na2 O). presence of an electric ﬁeld.
devitriﬁcation A high-temperature
rage velocity with which an 2 Obe predicted from their separate effects. arrangement of atoms, ions, or molecules within a
electron from an in Figure 2.4–1, an ionic bond is formed in NaCl when the single electron
As shown isolated neutral atom.
of a material.
moves through a solid coulombic force band of thepainting the 2electrostatic force regioncertain oxide glasses to convert the st
Name Na atom
electrostaticgiven to(1s applied
A spray-painting process
isomorphous nearly empty the same structure.2 When2 2s 2p6 3s1) is transferred to the in
luminescence Absorption of light or electromagnetic
nearly develops between charged species. The surface formation
band of the the paint2 2s 6 3s2 3p5). The result
to a phaseNaﬁlled valenceand a whichClCl the (1swith2pcompletely ﬁlledmagnitudestable
diagram, indicating thatatom solid phase and the andis the being painted crystalline ceramics.
of aare cation, Na ,
radiation at high frequencies with subsequent reradiation
describe materialssamethe force and hence given oppositechargesevery two species particles
are complete the electrical charges so that the
the that structure is proportional to solubility ata forcetheattraction develops
diamagnetic A class of magnetic m
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