hist 1302 chapter 28 notes

hist 1302 chapter 28 notes - CHAPTER 28: THE CONFIDENT...

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CHAPTER 28: THE CONFIDENT YEARS 1953—1964 I. A DECADE OF AFFLUENCE A. Introduction 1. Many Americans valued free enterprise and family life as part of the anti-Communist crusade. Social and intellectually conformity ensured a unity front. B. What’s Good for General Motors 1. Introduction a. Both Democrats and Republicans had courted Eisenhower as a presidential candidate in 1948. Four years later, he picked the Republicans because he wanted to make sure that the party remained committed to NATO and collective security in Europe rather than retreat and isolationism. b. He easily defeated the Democratic candidate, Adlai Stevenson, the moderately liberal governor of Illinois. 2. Eisenhower and the Politics of the Middle a. Satisfied with postwar America, Eisenhower accepted much of the New Deal but saw little need for further reform. b. Eisenhower’s first secretary of defense, “Engine Charlie” Wilson, had headed General Motors. c. Not since the 1920s had Americans been so excited about the benefits of big business. When Fortune magazine began in 1957 to publish an annual list of the 500 largest American corporations, it tapped a national fascination with America’s productive capacity. 3. The New Prosperity a. The economy in the 1950s gave Americans much to like. Between 1950 and 1964, output grew by a solid 3.2 percent per year. American workers in the 1950s had more disposable income than ever before. b. In 1955, the older and politically more conservative American Federation of Labor absorbed the younger Congress of Industrial Organizations. The new AFL-CIO positioned itself as a partner in prosperity and foe of Communism at home and abroad. c. For members of minority groups with regular industrial and government jobs, the 1950s were also economically rewarding. d. Black people worked through the Urban League, the National Association of Color Women, and other race-oriented groups to secure fair-employment laws and jobs with large corporations. e. However, there were never enough family-wage jobs for all the African-American and Latino workers who continued to move to northern and western cities. f. Minority workers were usually the first to suffer from the erosion of industrial jobs that began in the 1960s, and black unemployment crept upward to twice the white rate. g. Native Americans faced equally daunting prospects. The Bureau of Indian Affairs encouraged Indians to move to large cities, but jobs were often unavailable. The new urban populations would nourish growing militancy among Native Americans in the 1960s and 1970s.
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C. Reshaping Urban America 1. In 1954, Congress transformed the public housing program into urban renewal. Cities used federal funds to replace low-rent businesses and run-down housing on the fringed of their downtowns with new hospitals, civic centers, sport arenas, office towers, and luxury apartments. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2009 for the course HIST 1302 taught by Professor Powers during the Summer '08 term at Lone Star College.

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hist 1302 chapter 28 notes - CHAPTER 28: THE CONFIDENT...

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