mid.late_20century_pt_1 - ARCH 1302 Architectural History 2 Modernisms in Mid to Late 20th Century and Beyond Introductions l l l l Modernism reactions

mid.late_20century_pt_1 - ARCH 1302 Architectural History 2...

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ARCH 1302 Architectural History 2 Modernisms in Mid to Late 20th Century and Beyond
Introductions l Modernism, reactions to and against it l Mostly report on current events l Categories not firm yet l “Team-X”: group formed by new generation of designers who found Modernism too constraining ¡ Peter and Alison Smithson (England) ¡ Ralph Erskine (England) ¡ Aldo van Eyck (Holland)
Introductions l Team X continued ¡ Less obsessed with pure rationalism ¡ More attuned to problems of postwar era ¡ More interested in matters of regional and local context l Smithsons’ work = “Brutalism” ¡ Robin Hood Gardens in London ¡ Tough and gritty ¡ Intended as sympathetic response to modern English working-class
Robin Hood Gardens, London 1972
Introductions l Ralph Erskine ¡ Urban living for workers ¡ Inclusive design process (talked to users) ¡ Byker Wall Housing, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Introductions l Aldo Van Eyck ¡ Moved toward intuitive, spiritual ¡ Orphanage in Amsterdam 1957 ¡ Organized space to stimulate imagination and play ¡ Not spirit of the age, but timeless and intrinsic spirit
Introductions: 3 key examples l Aalto: construction methods ¡ Maintained Modernist ideals but tempered them to Nordic sensitivity towards site l

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