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The Challenge of CulturalRelativismJames Rachels&Stuart Rachels
Cultural Relativism§The idea of universal truth in ethics is a myth.§The customs of different societies are all that exist.§To say that a custom is‘correct’ or ‘incorrect’ wouldimply that we can judge thatcustom by someindependent standard ofright and wrong, but no suchstandard exists.
Cultural relativists claim the following:1.Different societies have different moral codes.2.The moral code of a society determines what isright or wrong within that society.3.There are no moral truths that hold for allpeople at all times.4.The moral code of our own society has nospecial status; it is but one among many.5.It is arrogant for us to judge other cultures. Weshould always be tolerant of them.6.There is no objective standard that can be usedto judge one society’s code better than other’s.
Consistent claims??What if the norms of a society favor intolerance?
The Cultural Differences Argument§Different cultures have different moral codes.

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