3710 week 1 and 2.pdf - Lecture Notes SOC 3710 Youth...

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Lecture Notes SOC 3710: Youth Justice Week One: September 10th. - When a young person is charged they get offered a program and if they do the program they come off with a clean record, - Which leads less kids to go on record and go to jail, and or be considered a juvenile - Most young people who go to court go into probation, what happens when they leave the court system leads to probation or end up in custody. - Post custody - how are they reintegrated into community. - These programs have provincial variations where they take place. How canadian society deals with young people who have committed a crime Age groups: Under age of 12: if you committed a crime, you do not go to court. You can not be charged with committing a crime. What generally happens is children aid or child protection kick in, and deal with it 12-17. Canadian criminal code is a statute and not a seperate criminal code for youths and adults. - Minor differences etc drinking underage and cannabis possession and use. When your looking at criminal justice act,federal legislation and is registered by means of provinces Provinces administer police surroundings and are responsible for youth courts. Ycjj, and juvenile delinquent acts are passed in parliament but provinces responsible for giving the form of legislation. It all varies from provinces, but all responsible for upholding the law. Young people can be charged as what adults can be charged with.
Things adults can commit are rare in juvenile court Juvenile court Main crimes Destruction of property and assault Why do we have differences for adults and juveniles - treated differently ? Young people less likely to be incarcerated for 3 years Adults could be life for 25 years or no parole. Young people are developing and aren't fully developed mentally and are less responsible for their actions due to growing and learning Accountability is less in juvenile legislation tham adult legislation Week Two: September 15th : Defining Youth Crime. Thomas Bernard: Social control model where courts and ing general use juveniles in a different matter with public safety “System is to soft on young people” General deterrence Pengelam and Bernard argue social welfare models. Present in Juvenile Delinquent acts was an important way of separating the adult and youth system. If young people are brought into the system there's a chance they won't back and will clean up the act These debates aren't new - 1950s, 1960s. How do we get the info? Where does it come from ?
General public Know people from a crime, did a crime, Experiences, Victim. How they were treated. Treated with dignity and respect they'll have more faith in the system than those who were not treated well. Mass Media Prime outlet What crimes are committed Youth crime is mostly violent crime 90%.

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