Lecture Notes SOC 3710: Youth Justice Week One: September 10th. - When a young person is charged they get offered a program and if they do the program they come off with a clean record, - Which leads less kids to go on record and go to jail, and or be considered a juvenile - Most young people who go to court go into probation, what happens when they leave the court system leads to probation or end up in custody. - Post custody - how are they reintegrated into community. - These programs have provincial variations where they take place. How canadian society deals with young people who have committed a crime ● Age groups: ○ Under age of 12: ■ if you committed a crime, you do not go to court. You can not be charged with committing a crime. ■ What generally happens is children aid or child protection kick in, and deal with it ○ 12-17. ○ Canadian criminal code is a statute and not a seperate criminal code for youths and adults. - Minor differences etc drinking underage and cannabis possession and use. ▪ When your looking at criminal justice act,federal legislation and is registered by means of provinces ▪ Provinces administer police surroundings and are responsible for youth courts. ▪ Ycjj, and juvenile delinquent acts are passed in parliament but provinces responsible for giving the form of legislation. ▪ It all varies from provinces, but all responsible for upholding the law. ▪ Young people can be charged as what adults can be charged with.
▪ Things adults can commit are rare in juvenile court ▪ Juvenile court Main crimes ● Destruction of property and assault ● Why do we have differences for adults and juveniles - treated differently ? ○ Young people less likely to be incarcerated for 3 years ○ Adults could be life for 25 years or no parole. ○ Young people are developing and aren't fully developed mentally and are less responsible for their actions due to growing and learning ■ Accountability is less in juvenile legislation tham adult legislation Week Two: September 15th : Defining Youth Crime. ○ Thomas Bernard: ▪ Social control model where courts and ing general use juveniles in a different matter with public safety ▪ “System is to soft on young people” ▪ General deterrence ▪ Pengelam and Bernard argue social welfare models. Present in Juvenile Delinquent acts was an important way of separating the adult and youth system. ▪ If young people are brought into the system there's a chance they won't back and will clean up the act ▪ These debates aren't new - 1950s, 1960s. ■ How do we get the info? Where does it come from ?
● General public ● Know people from a crime, did a crime, Experiences, Victim. How they were treated. ○ Treated with dignity and respect they'll have more faith in the system than those who were not treated well. ● Mass Media ○ Prime outlet ○ What crimes are committed ○ Youth crime is mostly violent crime 90%.