SOC 100 Notes .pdf - Lecture 1 Social Structure Free will...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 40 pages.

Lecture 1: Social Structure (1/11/18) - Free will, but behavior and how our lives turn out happen within a larger framework, a social context - All are in this situation together and all are interconnected - Individuals are embedded within social networks I. What is Sociology? - Scientific study of the dynamic relationship between individual people and social systems and their influence on human behavior and social life. - Defined more by its perspective (sociological imagination), than a particular subject matter - Individualism - Strongly rooted in the Enlightenment - Social problems caused by flaws in individual character - Society = individual people - Ignores differences between individuals and social relationships, social forces - Individual->Group-> Society - The Myth of Individualism - Individual and society = two sides of the same coin, cannot be separated - Individual cannot be defined without understanding the relationship to the social - Social Systems/Structures - Collection of statuses, roles, and shared ideas that tie these statuses and roles together into relationships ex: families, universities, etc. - What is a Social Institution ? - Complex groups of interdependent positions that perform a social role and reproduce themselves - Family, education, economy, government, religion - Main Points: - Individualistic perspective that dominates current thinking is limited - Social Structures cannot be understood simply by looking at individuals - Scientific Study - Sociology is based on epistemology of empiricism - Epistemology : How we know what we claim to know - Empiricism : Knowledge through evidence gathered from senses II. History of Sociology-Industrial Revolution - Shift in economic structure of society away from agriculture - Mass movement away from rural life on farms to cities and work in factories
- Had profound influence on all aspects of social life and brought new social problems including urban poverty - Auguste Comte: Society can be understood by determining the logic of scientific laws governing human behavior, founder of positivism - Harriet Martineau: Translated Comte’s-> english, one of the earliest social scientists, advocated for racial, gender, and class equality - Karl Marx (economy) - Materialist conception of history: all social patterns and relations stem from the economic system - Class Conflict: produced social change /drove history - Struggle between “haves” and “have nots” - Class struggle under capitalism was between capitalists (bourgeoisie) and proletariat - Capitalists: those who owned the means of production (small #) - Proletariat: those who did not own the means of production (large #) - False consciousness: workers misunderstand their position in the social/economic system (have an individualistic bias) - Marx predicted that proletariat would eventually unite and provoke change through Communist revolution - Resulting society would eliminate private property and abide by the following ideology: “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs” - Max Weber (Verstehen) -

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture