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03 Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description

03 Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description -...

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Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description There’s knowledge of truths and knowledge of things, and there’s two ways of getting knowledge of things: acquaintance and description. Acquaintance Knowledge by acquaintance- we are acquainted with those things we are directly aware of. Knowledge by acquaintance will be knowledge we are aware of without inferential procedures or knowledge of truths. We’re acquainted with five things 1. Sense-data 2. Memory (past sense-data) I can’t be wrong about how it seems to me right now, but how it seems to me right now need not be the way it was. You can think your winter jacket was red but it might have in actuality been green. You’re not wrong about how it appears to you right now (by memory or sense), but whether that links to how things are is a completely different question. Memory = immediate memokry of the past, independent of how it was. 3. Introspection You are aware of the fact that you are being aware of things. If something appears red to you, you realize your awareness that you see red. Descartes had propositional attitudes. If it’s raining you believe the proposition that it’s raining. If you are angry right now then (introspect) you know that you’re angry. You have knowledge of your own mental state . The “that” should tip you off. He (believes/thinks/worries) that ______. 4. Self-consciousness- consciousness of our self. (Descartes said that something must be existing if we’re having thoughts.) In order for there to be experiences at al there has to be some thing to have that experience.
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