Berkeley Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous

Berkeley Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous -...

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Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous George Berkeley Berkeley and Locke and Hume = 3 main British empiricists Locke and Berkeley do not believe in innate ideas Empiricist outlook- you start wit nothing in the mind, then gather knowledge through sensation o Sensation precedes thoughts. You can’t have any thoughts without sensations Berkeley and Locke differ on the status of the external world, and the distinction between primary and second qualities Philonious = lover of mind (Berkeley) Hylas = matter (Locke) Berkeley is involved in metaphysics a lot. Berkeley says what his fundamental ontological idea (of being/existence) is: minds and ideas . Everything else exists as a combination of minds and ideas o To be is to be perceived (ideas) or perceive (mind) Locke: Matter has two types of properties. Matter = mind independent, things exist out of the mind in reality- a house isn’t in your mind, but the idea of a house is. Naïve Theory similar resemblance theory: The transition was made because of primary and secondary qualities According to Berkeley, tables and buildings exist. They’re just not mind-independent matter, though they do exist. Berkeley thought this was the common sense view. Berkeley: Idea of matter is obscure, unintelligible, and even a manifest contradiction. When we perceive something, everyone agrees we have the relevant idea. It’s the transparency of the mind. Not in the mind that isn’t obvious when reflected on o You can’t be wrong about what it is that you’re immediately perceiving What can we possible be adding when we say that there are also properties in our external world The only option for making sense of the external world that isn’t hopefully. Meaning there’s something we’re leaving out? o What makes up experience? More ideas. If the idea of matter is just the idea of something that we can experience/imagine experiencing than it is mind dependent Advocate of matter is both mind dependent and mind independent. Contradiction! Therefore the idea of matter is obscure. Variance argument- Berkeley’s argument against the primary and secondary qualities.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 140 taught by Professor Nathancox during the Fall '08 term at Kansas.

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Berkeley Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous -...

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