Early Modern Period

Early Modern Period - • Skepticism- the attitude of...

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Early Modern Period 1596-1804 Epistemology- study of knowledge Study of how we come to know everything Proposition X How do we come to know X? How do we justify it? Does it require faith or have facts? Metaphysics- study of the nature of reality Why things are they way they are What makes it possible for us to have knowledge of certain truths? Very vague, fundamental question A priori proposition The truth can be known independent of the proposition (self-evident) 2 + 2 = 4, all bachelors are unmarried men A posteriori Truth is dependent on experience. They’re not self-evident. You need to enquire to make sure it’s true The grass is green, the earth is round These statements were probably a hypothesis at one point in time Rationalist Philosophers who take metaphysics and epistemology to be true through a priori Descartes (French) is a rationalist Mainly deals with epistemology He argues for knowledge through skepticism
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Unformatted text preview: • Skepticism- the attitude of approaching something through doubt Descartes is NOT a skeptic. Just uses that method to get into a nonskeptical position. Hume is a skeptic. Argue their point of views on mathematical proofs, especially geometry If you get your proof right then the conclusion must be true They’re concerned about pure reason Interested in deductive models Empiricists Authors (British) Locke- important political philosopher Berkeley- big on physics Hume- greatest philosopher since Plato The view that most of our knowledge comes from experience (a posteriori arguments) Arguments are based on science, mainly physics Inductive reasoning is used the majority of the time. Just as important as a posteriori experience. Kant Tries to combine rationalist and empiricist views...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 140 taught by Professor Nathancox during the Fall '08 term at Kansas.

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