HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL V.1.docx - 1 Dr Nola J Pender and...

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Dr. Nola J. Pender and the Health Promotion Model Theory 1
Nola J. Pender and the Health Promotion Model Theory Nursing theory has come a long way since the time of Florence Nightingale’s efforts to organize the profession. The amount of information on nursing theory can be overwhelming. Currentnursing.com (2012) lists more than 75 different nursing theories, models, and philosophies. Each theory has concepts or ideas that make it unique. A nursing theory can be presented as a model in order to provide a map or plan that details how to follow the ideas presented in the theory (George, 2002). Nola Pender presents her health promotion theory as a model. Her ideas can be summed by the quote, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away” (Sitzman & Eichelberger, 2004, p.128). The Health Promotion Model was designed by Nola J. Pender to be a "complementary counterpart to models of health protection" (nursingtheory.org, 2013). It defines a person’s health as not only being free from disease, but living a lifestyle that encourages optimal health. Health promotion focuses on encouraging behaviors that promote positive overall well-being. The Health Promotion Model describes the multidimensional nature of the individual and the factors that influence how they perceive and seek healthy behaviors as they interact in their environment. Pender’s model is based on encouraging patient behaviors that promote a desired outcome for the patient. Pender has been quoted as saying, “It became apparent to me that health professionals intervened only after people developed acute or chronic disease… I committed myself to a proactive stance of health promotion and disease prevention…” (Sitzman & Eichelberger, 2004, p.124). Her model presents a process that can be used to assess and attend to any needs required by the patient in order to promote healthy behaviors. She believes that nurses have many opportunities to promote healthy behaviors, specifically when they relate to perceived 2
health risks of a patient. There are many examples of health promoting behaviors including nutrition, hydration, physical activity, stress management, sleeping habits, spiritual health, and emotional health. Pender lists 11 factors that have the capability of having a positive influence on the health-promoting behaviors of clients (Sitzman & Eichelberger, 2004, p.124). This paper will explore Pender’s life and experiences that inspired her Health Promotion Model, the 11 factors that outline her model, how to apply her model into nursing practice as well as personal experiences that incorporate her model. Nursing Theorist and the Theory Dr. Nola J. Pender, PhD, RN, FAAN, was born on August 16, 1941, in Lansing, Michigan. Her chosen career path of nursing came to fruition at the age of 21, in 1962. She received her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Michigan State University in 1964. Her focus on education and furthering her knowledge was evident when she received a Master’s degree from the same university in 1965, just one year later. In 1969, she went on to obtain her PhD in psychology and education from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois (“Nola J. Pender”,

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