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Describe the functions, responsibilities, and jurisdictional aspects of Patrol Officers.The daily functions of police patrol officers includes patrolling assigned areas or “beats”, conduct traffic stops, issue citations when necessary, and responding to citizens calls for assistance, both emergency and non-emergency. They may also be called upon to testify in court or assist in the collection of evidence at a crime scene. These functions also require a police patrol officer to accurately fill out several types of forms related to the type of incident. The overriding responsibilities of police patrol officers consist of maintaining law and order, assisting citizens, and upholding the mission of their respective department (Dempsey et al., 2018, p. 97). Officers also have the responsibility of protecting the civil rights and liberties of every citizen. These responsibilities can be accomplished by performing the duties described earlier, and by maintaining a strict commitment to personal and professional integrity. A patrol officer’s primary jurisdiction is the city, town, or even county where their department is located. These districts are well-defined and is the responsibility of the officers assigned to it (Dempsey et al., 2018, p. 92). Depending on the size of the department’s jurisdiction, a patrol officer’s duties may change or expand to accommodate the capabilities of the department’s personnel. Occasionally, they may even be called off their usual beat or out of their district to assist other officers, but their primary responsibilities will always be to their assigned beat.
Describe a situation in which each style of policing (Watchman, Legalistic, and Service) would be used in the career field.Watchman style of policingWatchman style police officers are primarily concerned with keeping order in their communities and exercise considerable discretion when interacting with citizens (Dempsey et al.,2018, p. 141). An example of this style could be found if an officer stops someone for jaywalking. While jaywalking is against the law in most places and could result in a citation, a watchman style officer may not issue a citation. After speaking with the citizen, the officer learnsthe person jaywalked because they saw a child about to walk into the street across from them. Since the jaywalker did not mean anyone harm and was acting in the best interest of another person, the officer can explain the dangers of jaywalking to the citizen without issuing a citation.