commission on fiscal imbalance 合集

Over 20 of gdp is generated by the zurich 2 102

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Unformatted text preview: um is compulsory. In the case of legislation, it is optional and may be demanded through the collection of signatures. Some observers deem direct democracy procedures to have a restrictive effect. Although little comparative evidence is available in that respect, this hypothesis seems plausible, since votes often revolve around new programs, and hence new expenditures. Intergovernmental coordination between the Confederation and the cantons also relies on numerous task forces, commissions, and conferences of cantonal directors of finance, education, the economy, and so on. Especially fiscal policy is subject to ongoing negotiation within such coordination structures. 3. IS SWISS FEDERALISM SUBJECT TO IMBALANCE? Swiss and Canadian federalism have important points in common. Not only are the systems in both countries established federations but also their federalism is rooted in comparable principles. Both systems seek to reconcile needs for unity and cohabitation with cultural and linguistic diversity and regional and local autonomy. Both systems have found in federalism a means of pursuing the common good while attributing to regional entities some degree of autonomy that should enable them to display and develop their unique situations. Both federal systems continue to engage in self-reflection, in order to call into question established institutions or with a view to perfecting them. 3.1. Horizontal imbalance Switzerland is made up of 26 cantons, six of which are called half-cantons (they are darker on the map below). MAP 1 SWISS CANTONS AND HALF-CANTONS BS TG BL SO JU ZH AG LU NE GE ZG NW BE VD AR OW SG SZ GL UR GR FR VS AI TI The cantons vary markedly in terms of their socio-economic dimensions (see also Dafflon 2001a, 2001b, 1995). The two most populous cantons, Zurich and Bern, are 70 times bigger than the smallest entity, the canton of Appenzell InnerRhodes. From the standpoint of economic disparities, although it is hard to establish a clear distinction between “rich” and “poor” cantons (Gaudard 1989), a similar observation can be made. Over 20% of GDP is generated by the Zurich 2 102 Failing agreement, the lowest figure takes precedence. Commission on Fiscal Imbalance canton alone, where 16% of the population lives. In 1998, the gross domestic product of cantons such as Basel-City (BS) was double that of Jura (JU). The growth rate in the most successful canton (Schwyz, SZ) was six times greater than in the least successful canton (Bern, BE). The same applies to disparities in income: per capita income in the wealthiest cantons (Zurich, Zug and Basel-City) is almost double the income in the poorest cantons (Uri, Obwalden, Thurgau and Jura). The financial capacity index of the cantons varies between 30 and 218 in relation to the Swiss mean 3 (100). Chart 1 presents the cantons according to their financial capacity in relation to the mean (set here at zero), ranging from the most privileged to the least privileged. CHART 1 DISPARITIES IN THE FINANCIAL CAPACITY OF THE CANTONS -100 -50 0 50 1...
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2013 for the course ECON 220 taught by Professor Paulo during the Spring '13 term at University of Liverpool.

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