commission on fiscal imbalance 合集

Paragraph 1 makes a summary of the distribution of

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: in the political arena and in front of the electorate, what these slogans really meant. These attitudes have not contributed to develop a serious collective thinking on the model Italy wants to adopt to change from a centralized State to a decentralized one, taking into consideration our own history, culture and social dimensions. Nor do ordinary citizens have the correct information to understand the impact of any proposal on their revenues and on the capability to access services. There are four factors that should be borne in mind when evaluating the pattern of the Italian decentralization process and discussing which level of decentralisation, or even federalism as some propose, is suitable for Italy: ♦ first, Italy is still a dualistic country characterized by a large area, the so-called Mezzogiorno that, even if some positive developments have been witnessed during the last three years, accounts on average for only 67 % of the average per capita gross national product; the gap with the Centre-North and Europe was slightly reduced in the late eighties to increase again in the mid nineties; the data suggest that we are not talking of territorial differences within a country but of a deep structural dichotomy; ♦ secondly, Italy entered the European Monetary Union and agreed to abide to a Stability and Growth Pact that put forward strict budgetary conditions; under these conditions fiscal federalism can be more difficult to achieve, especially if the entities (regions and to a lesser extent municipalities in the Italian case) benefiting from fiscal autonomy are experiencing a new governmental phase; ♦ thirdly, there is no shared knowledge of the benefits and costs of transforming a centralized State into a decentralized or even federal one. The northern areas of the country which are demanding profound reforms often seem to consider federalism as a way to enter Europe without bringing with them the less developed areas of the South, forgetting that in any federal system important equalization mechanisms work to counterbalance territorial disparities in income and perform a transfer of funds from richer to poorer areas; ♦ fourth, Italy is going through a wide administrative reform process which is modifying rules and objectives of the public administration in accordance with the New Public Management approach. It has renewed the rules of the electorate system for Municipalities and Regions, introducing the direct election of the City Mayor (1993) and of the President of Regions (2000) allowing in the latter case for a majority premium to ensure political stability. These new rules have reinforced regional and local autonomy. In 1997, a broad programme of “delegislation”, deregulation and simplification was launched. The administrative and institutional process of reform is under way but not yet finalized and it will be possible to evaluate results only in the next years. Their aim was however to increase the efficiency of the administrative action and the effectiveness of government. In the next section of the paper a brief description of the level of dec...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online