commission on fiscal imbalance 合集

William f fox is a full professor at the economics

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Unformatted text preview: Fiscal Imbalance FIGURE 5 THE CASE OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY FOR WALES Source: Treasury (2000), p. 29. Other abbreviations: CAP = Common Agricultural Policy; and HLCAs = Hill Livestock Compensation Allowances. 284 Commission on Fiscal Imbalance FIGURE 6 THE CASE OF THE NORTHERN IRELAND ASSEMBLY Source: Treasury (2000), p. 31. Other abbreviations: CAP = Common Agricultural Policy; ERDF = European Regional Development Fund; and HLCAs = Hill Livestock Compensation Allowances. Note: Under direct rule, the Northern Ireland Office and the Northern Ireland Departments were effectively managed together, in the name of the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, a member of the UK Cabinet. Since devolution which was restored on 2 December 1999, there is a complete separation between the Northern Ireland Assembly (to which the above scheme applies) and the Northern Ireland Office, still headed by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, though now treated as a Whitehall department which negotiates bilaterally with the Treasury. In consequence, the Social security programme is devolved (as it has been since 1921) but the Law, order and protective services programme is not (though this could be done if the security situation was fully normalised) . 285 Commission on Fiscal Imbalance FIGURE 7 Figure 7: Modified Comparisons of Identifiable GGE Relatives (England=100) 190 NI NI (excl. SocSec) 180 Scotland Scotland (excl. SocSec) 170 Wales Index (England = 100) Wales (excl. SocSec) 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 (Old) 1993/94 (New) 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 Year FIGURE 8 Figure 8: Identifiable General Government Expenditure Per Head, By Territory, Region and Function 1999-2000 data, expressed as £ per capita, relative to UK = 100 Education Health and personal social services Roads and transport Housing Other environmental services Law, order and protective services Trade, industry, energy and employment Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry Culture, media and sport Social security Miscellaneous expenditure Total Total excluding Social Security Education Health and personal social services Roads and transport Housing Other environmental services Law, order and protective services Trade, industry, energy and employment Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry Culture, media and sport Social security Miscellaneous expenditure Total Total excluding Social Security UK weight 15,4% 24,1% 3,1% 1,1% 3,2% 7,1% 2,6% 1,7% 2,0% 38,7% 1,0% 100,0% Scotland 126 119 130 176 131 96 149 267 99 108 Wales 100 110 112 145 168 96 113 155 157 115 Northern Ireland 136 111 89 325 106 206 255 283 60 120 England 96 97 96 82 93 97 90 73 99 98 118 125 113 112 133 142 96 95 96 98 74 71 45 93 91 75 87 101 93 88 85 35 90 90 96 73 81 94 West Midlands 101 92 89 37 92 88 90 69 82 99 95 91 90 88 94 92 North East 100 102 96 57 117 104 103 75 143 119 North West 101 100 97 90 106 101 94 73 88 112 109 102 104 99 Yorkshire & Humberside East Midlands South West Source: Treasury (2001a), Tables 8.6B and 8.12....
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