Sociology Unit 2 Notes.docx - 1 from peasants to paupers...

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1from peasants to paupersfeudalism as protection racketLords control local armed forces.Peasants gain protection from them, so long asthey hand over food.Black death, famine, empire empty lands14-17C – Feudalism dies with its labor and crops.15C- – Colonizers slaughter the indigenous, take the land.for whites, brief respitepeasants briefly feed themselves not lords.but, enclosure16thC – from commons to private propertyjobspeasants must either work private land for lords orwork factories, for (low) wagesBureaucratic governance of land as key to new wealthAmericas worked by slaves.Factories worked by peasants driven from landsEither way, dividends for investors, little for those who workseize land force labor profitSlaves still hit with direct force,peasants driven to jobs by enclosure of commons.Either way, intensive, low-paid work profits landowners.free market? state forceenclosure, defense of private propertyenforcement of labor contracts
2… labor control“more labor, because more compulsion to it”States protect, or not, competing claimslords’, to enclosure, policing of landworkers’, on access to land, tools, representationworkers mobile but extortedformer serfs mobilebut fenced out, bargaining for access to land, wagesLabor unions even those odds.effects of state protection, of labor vs. owners: decrease vs. increase of top 1% sharesolidary labor bargaining middle – classbut most workers bargain one-at-at-time, for low wages16thcentury invention: the pauper… to taxpaying, indebted employeesimmobility— serfs/slaves/wives/ kids bound to landtradition— only lords have full citizenshipcaprice— armed break contracts, plunderpre-capitalism, pre-central stateSlavery/feudalism ⇓ mobility.Patrimonial family, alliances, aristocracy ⇓ citizenship.Self-supplied militias ⇓ predictability.toward central-state capitalism: mobilitySlaves, serfs (not kids) can move from lords’ landsdriven by enclosures toward factories
3toward capitalism: citizenshipTraditional divisions give way to citizenship, organic solidaritygraduallyextended to subordinate members of patrimonial households,toward cap: predictabilityBureaucracy controls distant lands, draws armed ♂ into centrally controlled forces,restrains by formal rules, records of disobedience, aggression.Collins p. 24“the early state begins as a form of organized crime, which later becomes legitimate as it becomes successful [in] the elimination contest that leads toward hegemony and respectability”The 'free' market is free in the sense that- wealthy patrons of the state can predict legal support of their claims to much of the nation's productive property.

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