# 2 Culture

# 2 Culture - Chapter 2 Culture Culture Culture is made up...

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Chapter 2 Culture Culture Culture is made up of the group’s ideas and material objects that are passed from one generation to the next. - Material Culture - consists of the material objects that distinguish a group of people (jewelry, clothing, machines, weapons, hairstyles). - Nonmaterial Culture - consists of language, beliefs, values, norms, and common patterns of behaviors. Culture within us – fundamental orientations that we take for granted and that are so essential in determining the type of people we become (money, love, war, religion, morality, language, personal boundaries) Culture becomes the lens through which we perceive and evaluate what is going on around us Culture provides a fundamental basis for our decision making Culture shock - results from contact with a radically different culture that challenges basic assumptions. - People become uncomfortable when their basic assumptions about life are challenged. Ethnocentrism - using our own culture to judge that of others - We all grow up learning that ways of our own group are good, right, proper and even superior to other ways of life - Ethnocentrism creates in-group loyalties - However, it also can lead to discrimination against people whose ways are different from ours. Cultural Relativism – trying to understand a culture on its own terms, without judging them as superior or inferior to one's own - However, anthropologist Robert Edgerton suggested that cultural values that result in exploitation are inferior are inferior to those that enhance people’s lives
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Components of Symbolic Culture Symbolic culture – often referred to as nonmaterial culture because its central component is the symbols that people use. Symbol - something to which people attach meaning and then use to communicate. Include gestures, language, values, norms, sanctions, folkways and mores. - Gestures – using one’s body to communicate with others o Shorthand ways to convey messages without using words o Gesture meanings may change from one culture to another. o Their different meanings around the world may lead to misunderstandings, embarrassment or worse. o However, some gestures that represent fundamental emotions such as sadness, anger and fear appear to be inborn.
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# 2 Culture - Chapter 2 Culture Culture Culture is made up...

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