# 3 Socialization

# 3 Socialization - Chapter 3 Socialization Socialization...

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Chapter 3 Socialization Socialization The process by which we learn the ways of society (or of particular groups). Babies do not "naturally" develop into human adults. Although their bodies grow, if reared in isolation, children become little more than big animals. Human interaction is necessary to acquire normal human traits Human Nature Feral Children o Are assumed to be abandoned by parents at an early age and raised by animals o Allegedly act like wild animals o Some conclude they were abandoned by their parents because of mental retardation. o Myths of feral children raise the question of what humans would be like without society. Isolated Children o Show what humans might be like if secluded from society at an early age. o Without language, there can be no culture, which is the key to what people become. o There can be no social development since culture superimposes the specifics of what we become, within the limits of our biological heritage Institutionalized Children o For example, orphanages o Show that "human" traits such as intelligence and cooperative behavior result from early close relations. The Harlows’ Studies - conducted using rhesus monkeys concluded that: o Infantmother bonding is caused by intimate physical contact. o Interactions with peers are essential to normal development. o There may be a critical learning stage that, if missed, is impossible to make up. Socialization Into the Mind and Self The self our image of who we are
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As we socialize we develop a sense of who we are, as well as developpinf our ability to reason Cooley and the Looking Glass Self o Looking Glass Self – the ongoing, lifelong process whereby human development is created by interaction with others o Term coined by Charles Horton Cooley o Contains three elements 1. We imagine how we look to others. 2. We interpret others' reactions (how they evaluate us). 3. We develop a self-concept - We developing ideas and feelings about ourselves - Forming either a positive self-concept or a negative self-concept Mead and Role Taking o Greorge H. Mead was a professor at the University of Chicago o Stated that play is crucial in the development of the self o In play, children learn to take the role of the other, to understand how someone else feels and thinks and to anticipate how that person will act (“putting themselves in someone else’s shoes”) (a) Children first learn to only take the roles of significant others , individuals who have a significant influence on their lives, such as their parents (b) Later they expand roletaking to include the generalized other , the "group as a whole." o Learning roletaking has three stages: 1. Imitation : (Under Age 3) children initially only mimic the gestures/words of others 2. Play : (Age 3-6) children pretend to take the roles of specific people (Spiderman, firefighter, princess) 3. Games : (After Age 6 or 7) in the first years of school, children become involved
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# 3 Socialization - Chapter 3 Socialization Socialization...

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