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# 5 Social Groups

# 5 Social Groups - Group SOCIAL GROUPS People who belong...

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SOCIAL GROUPS SOCIAL GROUPS Group  People who belong together  Interact with each other  Example: coworkers at a restaurant  Aggregate  People who occupy the same space  Not connected with each other  Example: People waiting for a bus  Category  People who share characteristics  May not interact with each other  Example: COS students PRIMARY GROUP (COOLEY) PRIMARY GROUP (COOLEY) Small in size  Intimate face-to-face association  Cooperation  Important to person’s identity  Essential to emotional well being  Examples:  Families  Close friends  Small religious groups  Intimate partners
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SECONDARY GROUP SECONDARY GROUP Larger in size  More formal  More impersonal  Based on an interest or activity  May break down into primary groups  Examples:  College class  Walmart employees  Phi Theta Kappa members  Dorm residents  VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS A special type of secondary group A special type of secondary group Usually large in size  Organize on basis of mutual interest  May be local, state, or national  Often advocate for welfare of members  Examples:  NAACP  Baptist church members  NRA  Libertarian Party  California Teachers Association Iron law of oligarchy  Domination by a small group of people (the “elite) 
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Often occurs in voluntary associations  Attitudes of leaders “hidden” from members  Elected officers “chosen” informally ahead of time  Examples:  VFW  Political parties  Professional associations “IN-GROUPS” AND “OUT-GROUPS” “IN-GROUPS” AND “OUT-GROUPS” In-group  Strong identification by members  Feeling of loyalty  Sense of superiority  Out-group  Group toward which in-group feels competition or antagonism  Considered “inferior” to the in-group  May be the victim of discrimination  Examples of in-group/out-group tensions 
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