# 7 Global Stratification

# 7 Global Stratification - Chapter 7 Global Stratification...

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Chapter 7 Global Stratification Systems of Social Stratification Social stratification – is a system in which groups of people are divided according to their relative property, prestige, and power. o It affects our life chances, from our access to material possessions to the age at which we die. o Brings with it ideas of what we can expect out of life o Social stratification is universal o Gender is a basis for stratifying people. On the basis of their gender people are wither allowed or denied access to the good things offered by society. Three systems of social stratification: slavery, caste, class Slavery – some people own others o Common in ancient Rome and Greece o Causes of slavery - initially slavery was not based on race, but on: - Debt - Violation of law - War and conquest o Conditions of Slavery - In some cases it was temporary (could buy their freedom) - It was not necessarily inheritable (children could be adopted by wealthy family) - Slaves were not necessarily powerless and poor (could accumulate property and even rise to high positions) o Slavery in the New World - Indenture service – the contractual sale of one’s service for a specific time. - Facing a shortage of indenture servants, colonists tried to enslaved Native Americans (failed), then important Africans as slaves.
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U.S. slave owners developed an ideology , beliefs that justify social arrangements. - Slave owners viewed slaves as inferior or even nonhumans who must be taken care of by the superior white colonists. - Laws were passed making slaves and their offspring inheritable property. - Passed laws that making it illegal for slaves to hold meetings or be away from their masters without and is carrying a pass. Caste System – status is determined by birth and is lifelong o A caste system is based on ascribed status. An achieved status cannot change an individual’s place in the system o Boundaries are enforced by endogamy (marriage within their own group) and ritual pollution (beliefs that contact with inferior castes contaminates the superior castes). o India is the best example of the caste system - Based on religion - There are four main castes - Each caste is divided into thousands of subcastes or jati, each specialized in a particular occupation - Lowest caste are Dalit (“untouchables”). (a) Ablution are washing rituals for people who are contaminated by Dalit. o Racial castes dictated where people lived, worked, and went to school. - South Africa's apartheid system was based on racial separation - Although apartheid is dismantled, its legacy continues: (a) Most blacks remain uneducated and poor (b) Most cannot afford the new available rights (c) Political violence has been replaced by crime o When slavery ended in the United States, it was replaced by a racial caste system. In this system all whites considered themselves to have a higher status then all
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# 7 Global Stratification - Chapter 7 Global Stratification...

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