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Unformatted text preview: 00 literary works. Deciphering the Script
In 1835, Henry Rawlinson, a British army officer,
found some inscriptions on a cliff.
Carved by Darius of Persia (522-486 BCE),
they consisted of identical texts in
Old Persian, Akkadian and Elamite,
all in one script, namely, Cuneiform. Deciphering the Script Old Persian was in current use while
Akkadian, a Semitic language related to Hebrew
and Elamite, were both extinct by this time.
After translating Persian,
Rawlinson could decipher
many of the cuneiform signs by 1851. Deciphering the Script Its decipherment is an exciting story.
As happened with Egypt and India,
it became possible because of
fortuitous finding of multi-lingual texts,
and, a determined researcher. The Behistun Monument
The Behistun inscription
was carved by
the Persian emperor,
Darius I (522-486 BC)
celebrating his early victories.
It is a carved relief,
on the big cliff known as
Mountain of the Gods. The Behistun Monument The inscription and
the relief sculptures
are colossal in proportion,
about 1000 lines inscribed
on the face of
a precipitous rock
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- Spring '12