Akkadian Alphabet3

Deciphering the script in 1835 henry rawlinson a

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Unformatted text preview: 00 literary works. Deciphering the Script In 1835, Henry Rawlinson, a British army officer, found found some inscriptions on a cliff. Carved by Darius of Persia (522-486 BCE), they consisted of identical texts in three languages, Old Persian, Akkadian and Elamite, all in one script, namely, Cuneiform. Deciphering the Script Old Persian was in current use while Akkadian, a Semitic language related to Hebrew and Elamite, were both extinct by this time. After translating Persian, Rawlinson could decipher many of the cuneiform signs by 1851. Deciphering the Script Its decipherment is an exciting story. As happened with Egypt and India, it became possible because of fortuitous finding of multi-lingual texts, and, a determined researcher. The Behistun Monument The Behistun inscription was carved by the Persian emperor, Darius I (522-486 BC) celebrating his early victories. It is a carved relief, on the big cliff known as Mountain of the Gods. The Behistun Monument The inscription and the relief sculptures are colossal in proportion, about 1000 lines inscribed on the face of a precipitous rock 100 me...
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