Unformatted text preview: Hammurabi’s Code
Hammurabi (about 1792 - 1750 BC) was
a mighty Babylonian king,
and is famous for his Code,
the earliest-known example of
a ruler proclaiming publicly
an entire body of laws.
It is the best preserved legal document
reflecting the contemporary
social structure of Babylon.
282 laws in fifty-one columns of
cuneiform text are written
in Akkadian, a Semitic language. Hammurabi’s Code A copy of the code,
on a block of black basalt
7 ft 5 in. high
is kept in Paris. Hammurabi’s Code
A selection from the code
of ancient wisdom.
“If any one owes a debt for a loan, and the harvest fails,
in that year he need not give his creditor any grain ….
and pays no rent for that year.”
“If a judge tries a case, reaches a decision,
if later error shall appear in his decision,
and it be through his own fault,
then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him,
and he shall be removed from the judge's bench ….” Hammurabi’s Code
Here is a sample of its cuneiform writing Cuneiform Writing
One may wonder how modern words would be written.
Here is an example.
My name, Swaminathan would be written like this: Certain common Features of the Region
We will be seeing that Egyptian Hieroglyphic script,
shares many of the traits of cuneiform:
The letters are composed of
alphabet and determinatives.
It may be mentioned that the alphabet of cuneiform
consists mostly of consonants.
This feature is found in many of the scripts
of this region, like
Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Hebrew, Arabic etc...
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- Spring '12
- Mesopotamia, Sumer, Akkadian language, Cuneiform script, ideogram, Sumeria