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Unformatted text preview: . The Sumerians also had advanced
knowledge of mathematics, medicine, and astronomy. Sumerians also
kept records of much literature including hymns, epic tales, and myths.
Sumerians also wrote the first epic poem, the Epic of Gilgamesh,
mentioned before, which enabled scholars to learn about many aspects
of Sumerian society. Perhaps all these would not have been possible
without writing. Thus we have the earliest writing of the world, dated to 3300 BC. This is
long, long ago. For us, who are used to engraving on stones, scratching
on mud-pots, stylus or brush-and-ink on leaves and ink on paper, to have
successfully implemented writing by impressing conical headed pins on
clay tablet is most amusing. I wouldn't have believed that it would be
possible. It is really not writing, but 'impressing'!
I am in good company. For these 'impressions', when noticed in
the 16 th century, were not taken to be characters of a script. There are
only five basic 'impressions'. Permutation-combination of these five
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2013 for the course ANTH 340 taught by Professor Philipcarlsalzman during the Spring '12 term at McGill.
- Spring '12