This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: tres high. The panel depicts king Darius,
with his two bodyguards.
In front of the emperor
are ten vanquished chiefs,
their necks tied.
One of them is
lying under Darius' feet. Below is the famed inscription The Multi-lingual Inscription
The message is told in three languages:
in Old Persian,
in Akkadian, the language
spoken in Babylonia and
in Elamite, the administrative language
of the Persian Empire,
all in the cuneiform script.
The total text is more than a thousand lines long.
It is the Old Persian that gave the clue
for the decipherment. Decipherment
joined the East India company when he was 17
and learnt many Indian languages and Persian.
Later he was posted in Persia.
In 1835 he noticed inscriptions on a cliff of hill of
Behistun that was difficult even to reach. Decipherment
With his knowledge of Persian,
he figured out the names of Darius and Xerxes.
He noticed two other unknown languages
on the rock face: Elamite and Akkadian.
His painstaking work of two decades
resulted in their decipherm...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 03/08/2013 for the course ANTH 340 taught by Professor Philipcarlsalzman during the Spring '12 term at McGill.
- Spring '12