The Jerusalem Conference: Social Interaction in This World and Salvation in “the World to Come”Acts 15Mikeal C. ParsonsJewish Perspectives on Gentiles and the “World to Come”#1. Impossibility of Gentile salvation. “And anyone who is born whose own flesh is not circumcised on the eighth day is not from the sons of the covenant which the Lord made for Abraham, since (he is) from the children of destruction. And there is therefore no sign upon him so that he might belong to the Lord because (he is destined) to be destroyed and annihilated from the earth . . . because he has broken the covenant of the Lord our God” (Jubilees15:26-27).#2. Salvation of the “righteous Gentiles” who convert to Judaism. According to t.Sanh. 13:2, Rabbi Joshua, in a debate over the meaning of Ps 9:17 (“the wicked shall go into Sheol, and all the nations that forget God”) with Rabbi Eliezar (who held a view similar to that of Jubilees), claimed: “If the verse had said, ‘The wicked shall go into Sheol with all the nations,’ and had stopped there, I should have agreed with you, but as it goes on to say ‘who forget God,’ it means there are righteous men among the nations who have a share in the world to come.” Most of those holding a place for the “righteous Gentile” would still have expected converts to Judaism to undergo circumcision, a viewpoint that had biblical warrant to support it (Gen 17:10-14; 34:15-24). Those who come from Judea (15:1) espouse this viewpoint.