Durkheim 09-12-12 - Durkheim Original Conceptualization of Anomie Emile Durkheim(1858-1917 Classical theorist because his ideas provided foundation for

Durkheim 09-12-12 - Durkheim Original Conceptualization of...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

Durkheim: Original Conceptualization of Anomie – 09/12/12 Emile Durkheim (1858-1917): - Classical theorist because his ideas provided foundation for much of sociology and criminology; gave founding ideas/theories/concepts - Did not provide one theory crime, but actually 2 - Crime’s function within in Society: Durkheim observed what crime did to and for society - Anomie theory of crime - Main Ideas: Mechanical Solidarity, Organic Solidarity, Division of Labor, Collective Conscience - Functions of Crime: Solidarity of Function (Crime in the Community of Saints), Transformative Function, Diagnostic Function I. Durkheim’s Ideas A. Durkheim observed that two kinds of society appeared in history: 1. Mechanical Society 2. Organic Society B. Mechanical Society 1. Preliterate, tribal society; earliest forms of society 2. Characterized by homogeneity (sameness); everyone performs same tasks 3. No Division of Labor (only work reserved for a particular gender) 4. However, if everyone did the same thing, they would have a sense of solidarity ( Mechanical Solidarity ) 5. Solidarity is essentially the glue that holds a society together C. Organic Society 1. Division of labor – people do different kinds of work; society is divided into different occupational groups much like the different organs in a body 2. Society is at risk of fracturing into a number of different groups 3. Occupational groups exchange things with one another, hence the groups become interdependent with one another, this is what holds a society together ( Organic Solidarity ) D. Theories of Crime 1.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture