9 - Psych 385 Dr Manno Spring 2011 Book Notes The sense in...

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Psych 385 Dr. Manno Spring 2011 Book Notes The sense in which animals (or human infants) can be said to have consciousness or a self-concept has been hotly debated; it is often referred to as the debate over animal minds. The best known research technique in this area is the mirror test devised by Gordon G. Gallup, in which the skin of an animal (or human infant) is marked while it is asleep or sedated with a mark that cannot be seen directly but is visible in a mirror. It is then allowed to see its reflection in a mirror; if the animal spontaneously directs grooming behavior towards the mark, that is taken as an indication that it is aware of itself. There have been numerous findings in the past 30 years which display fairly clear evidence of possessors of self-recognition. Self-awareness, by this criterion, has been reported for: chimpanzees, orangutans, pygmy chimpanzees, and gorillas. dolphins and elephants. Findings suggestive of self-recognition in mammals other than apes have been reported.
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