ANT101 – Lecture 12

ANT101 – Lecture 12 - ANT101 Lecture 12...

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ANT101 – Lecture 12 Monday March 4, 2013 Homo Erectus Catch-up Most of the evidence (food), they are more scavengers than hunters No evidence for spear at this time First fire users because this was an important different between other humans and other animals Probably did make some use of fire, but it is an occasional thing (not habitual) No evidence at all of habitual use of fire No stone circles, consistently burned patches, etc In terms of language, in contrast to our text, more anthropologists would think that based on the brain structure it is possible, but we don’t have the evidence I. Homo erectus to Premodern Humans A. Overview Quick evolutionary time In constrast, the next evolutionary sweep of biological changes happens more gradually (change from Homo erectus to modern humans (us)) Starting 600,000 years ago or earlier, we see the beginnings of one or more transitional species that are grouped together as “Premoderns” (i.e. H. Heidelbergensis and Neanderthals) There’s a host of cultural transitions that are distinctive enough to where we start talking and practicing archaeology Neanderthals and Modern Humans use Mousterian tools and H. Erectus and H. heidelbergensis use the other kind (Acheulian) KNOW what tool traditions and what hominins are associated with the lower, middle and to some extent the upper Paleolithic** B. Times & Tools We see a transition to transitional species Figure 11-10 to 11-12 C. Geological Periods & Climate Change Past 2 million years has been the Pleistocene During this time period, it had multiple ice ages! Whenever you have glaciers in Europe, you have deserts across Northern Africa** During these time periods, it is difficult for migration to happen out of Africa or into Europe This affects migration and interbreeding Inter-glacial periods, it is good for migration and more interbreeding happens II. Premoderns: Homo heidelbergensis (Transition from Homo erectus to Homo sapiens)
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ANT101 – Lecture 12 - ANT101 Lecture 12...

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