ANT101 – Lecture 12

Time place 600000 ya or earlier to 125000 ya middle

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Unformatted text preview: s) • Remember that when we say “Premoderns” we are referring to Homo heidelbergensis A. Time & Place • 600,000 ya (or earlier) to 125,000 ya (Middle Pleistocene) in Europe, Africa, Asia • Figure 11-8 • Overlap with H. erectus • In most places it seems that they replaced H. erectus (I.e. they survived and do better in places where H. erectus do not; chiefly SE Asia) • • • • Premoderns are found all over the old world First significant occupation of Europe by Homo species There’s more debate about the East Asian Premoderns In Europe, H. heidelbergensis is thought to be the ancestor of Neanderthals; in Africa they are thought to be the ancestor of modern humans (us) • Summary on p. 260 B. Biological Changes • Transitional from Homo erectus to H. Sapiens – features of both • Like H. erectus, they still have large brows, a big occipital torus, and a fairly low forehead • They are more like modern humans in: larger brain size, brain case is getting more round, and maximum width for braincase is beside their ears (above the head) • Less angled back of the skull • Noses are more vertical (flatter faces) • Bone are less robust than H. erectus • Tooth size is a bit reduced C. Cultural Changes 1. Tools: Still Acheulian (west) & pebble tool (east) • New technique: Levallois (they do a lot of advanced preparation into the core to make it look a certain way, a lot of time, effort and skill into preparing the cores, and then they make the tools; this core allows them to make all the different kinds of flakes they want) • Stone & Wooden spears • Tools are getting smaller and more like Mousterian sized tools • Diversity in the types of tools in each region • NOW we have evidence for spears (2 kinds): o Actual wooden spears from salt mines in Germany (would have been used for thrusting, not throwing) o Even earlier, there are 500,000 year old stone coins from thrusting spears from South Africa 2. Foods • Vegetables, fruits, seeds, small animals, probably some large game hunting • P. 262 (were these true h...
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2013 for the course ANTHRO ANT101 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '13 term at University of Toronto.

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