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Name: Deonterrius Finch Date: 11/30/2020 School:BCHS Facilitator:Jill Hall Unit 4 Notes Outline Unit 4 “The Great War” Complete the Unit 4 Notes Guide as you review the material throughout Unit 4. Lesson 4.01 “The War to End All Wars” Explore #1:
What are the characters doing? Trying to protect each other
How is this significant to the causes of WWI? These are the countries in the war. Notes Outline: “The War to End All Wars” The Road to War I. MAIN Causes of World War I Militaism -building up a nation’s armed forces in preparation for war. Endless planning makes war more likely. A lliances -complicated system of alliances developed in late 19th century Imperislism -scramble for colonies sharpened rivalries Nationalism -acting in your own National interest while going against the interest of another nation II. The Conflict Begins Assassination of Archduke Fren Ferdinard in Sarajevo (Bosnia) June 28, 1914 Chain Reaction 1914 July 28 Austria-Hungary declared war on July 29 Russia (Serbia’s protector) ready troops for war Aug. 1 Germany (Austria-Hungary’s chief ally) declares war on Russia. France (Russia’s ally) mobilizes. Germany went through Belgium to get to France which brought Great Britain (Belgium’s protector) into the war under the Schieffen Plan . III. Fighting between Powers Central Powers – Germany, Austria-Hungary, (Ottoman Empire) Allied Powers – Russia, France, Serbia, Great Britain, (Italy and U.S. later) A. Stalemate: Stalemate - Neither side gains the advantage No Man's Land - area between the muddy, rat-infested trenches
B. Modern Warfare New killing machines Machine guns – 450 rounds a minute Hand grenades, artillery shells, poison gases-- , submarines, tanks and planes Trench Foot – common condition caused by exposure to water while standing in the muddy trenches Lesson 4.02 “The Yanks are Coming” Explore #2: What two countries do the characters represent? Germany -Mexico What is one country offering the other?A piece of US soil. How is this significant to the U.S. and our involvement in WWI?US was threatened by Germany so they Jumped in to defend the US soil. I. America’s Response Most Americans opposed the Central Powers (Germany’s Leader Kaiser Wilhelm). American Neutrality was heavily influenced by trade and economy. Preparedness Movement in 1914 was launched to protect our neutrality. A. German Submarine Warfare The German UBOAT (submarine) was a terrifying new weapon that changed the rules of warfare. Considered uncivilized by Americans which added to anti-German feelings encouraged by the British. B. Lusitania May 7, 1915 a German U-boat fired on a British passenger liner named the Lustania It went down in 18 minutes killing 1,200 passengers (including 128 Americans) Wilson protested and urged Germany to pay victims’ families and stop submarine warfare. C. Sussex Pledge Germans promised that U-boats would warn ships before attacking after U.S. neutrality is weakened as another passenger ship (French ship – Sussex) is attacked killing Americans

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