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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 1 Culture a Tells us what is moral...

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Chapter 6 1. Culture a. Tells us what is moral and immoral b. Dictates our lives c. Gives us uniqueness d. People develop their own culture over time socialization 2. Socialization a. Over time we develop our culture our beliefs b. Process of acquiring social beliefs 3. Political Culture a. Attitudes and beliefs about politics 4. Political Socialization a. Acquiring beliefs and attitudes about politics b. Starts when your born stops when you die 5. Margaret Mead a. Famous socialist b. She described how cultural beliefs are transmitted i. Post figurative socialization 1. beliefs handed down generation to generation 2. nobody questions them ii. Co-figurative socialization 1. beliefs you pick up with from people who you hang out with 6. South after Reconstruction, people in south became very strong democrats 7. 1877-1980 if you ran as a republican in the south you were going to loose a. South was called democratic south b. Post-figurative socialization 8. Yellow Dog Democrat a. People who are born in Texas are called yellow dog democrat b. People in Texas would always vote Democrat no matter who the person running was i. 1960 JFK ran as the democrat candidate and many Texans hated him but only voted for him b/c he was democrat 9. 1980 voting democrat began to change when people from Michigan came down to Texas 10. Agent of Political Socialization a. The media b. Geographic location i. Urban-city; suburban- outside of city; rural- country ii. Where you live can definitely affect your beliefs or views iii. Where you live in the country of US 1. southerners tend to be more conservative 2. Yankees c. Religion (church/mosque/synagogue/temple)
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i. Most religious institutions have always been involved politically about teaching people you need to vote ii. Religious beliefs affect political beliefs iii. Evangelical Christians are very motivated to be involved politically iv. Catholics and Jews have a much higher voter turn out v. Arab Americans are very politically active d. Gender i. Women have a much higher turn out rate than men ii. Women are more willing to forgive a politician e. Ethnicity i. Anglos have a better voter turn out rate ii. Hispanics and Blacks make up a large democrat percent 1. Many democrats do not vote on rainy days iii. 97% of blacks vote democrat f. Sexual preference i. Whether you are gay or straight g. Age i. Views change as you age ii. 35-60 have the biggest voter turn out iii. John Kenneth said that the reason people become politically active is at 40 because they have something to care about h. Occupation i. White collared- high paying job ii. Blue collared – more manual job i. Income i. White collared jobs pay more than blue collared jobs ii. Not every blue collared job pays badly j. Family i. The first and most far reaching agent of socialization ii. We will always be influenced by our parents for the rest of our lives k. Education i. Political scientists believe this is the most important agent ii. Higher level of education 1. more positive the outlook on politics 2. more likely to vote 3.
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