Chapter10-TheMedia

Chapter10-TheMedia - A.P. Civics Notes: Chapter 10...

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A.P. Civics Notes: Chapter 10 “The Media” I. Journalism in American Political History 1. In America the media has much greater freedom than in other countries, such as France and  Great Britain, because in the U.S., media companies are privately controlled, and they only  need licenses from the gov’t—nothing else. i. In   England,   politicians   can   sue   those   who   make   fun   of   them,   while   in   France,  broadcasting is governed by a national agency that can control what and what not to  show the public. 2. The media can provide exposure for a political candidate, but it can also ruin a politician’s  career by showing negative views of him or her. 3. Basically, there are four general periods in American journalistic history, each with its own major  change during the time: i. In the early years of the Republic, newspapers were expensive to print and usually read  by the political elite, and the lack of transportation made each paper’s circulation small;  as a result, the earliest newspapers tended to be very partisan and support political  parties. a. There was not necessarily objective news reporting. b. Alexander   Hamilton   created   the   Gazette   of   the   United   States ,   while  Thomas Jefferson   created the   National Gazette , financing its editor with  federal funds. ii. Advances in technology and transportation made newspapers cheaper to buy and more  widely available, and the invention of the  telegraph  meant that news could be flashed  almost instantaneously from cities across the country! a. The partisanship became one that was based on the editors’ points of view, not  on the influences of the political parties, and many journalists resorted to  sensationalism, or the filling of stories with violence, romance, patriotism, and  exposés, to popularize their papers. b. As a result, the real stories were often embellished to make readers interested,  and many stories were just flat out made up! c. Strong-willed publishers like  William Randolph Hearst  and  Joseph Pulitzer  became powerful political forces, using their influence to shape political actions  (i.e. Spanish-American War) and enrich themselves.
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iii. The middle class was soon repelled by this “ yellow journalism ,” and many opinion  magazines,   like   the   Atlantic   Monthly ,   Harper’s ,   McClure’s ,   Scribner’s ,   and  Cosmopolitan   sprang up, bemoaning the issues of corruption during the times and  constantly adding   muckrakers , or people who looked to expose the dirt and evil in  society (monopolies, corrupt gov’t, et al). a.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course USHIST 102 taught by Professor Smythe during the Spring '08 term at TCU.

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Chapter10-TheMedia - A.P. Civics Notes: Chapter 10...

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