CPSY – CHAPTER 121.AttractionGender is an important component of attraction of many, although not all, peopleYou are much more likely to meet and be attracted to the boy or girl next door than the one who lives across townIn pre-Internet days, more couples met through family and in school.Of the same-sex couples, 70% met onlineFrom 1980-1990, same sex-couples were more likely to meet through friends and in barsMere-exposure effect: The tendency to like a person more if we have exposed to him or her repeatedlyHomopilly: The tendency to have contact with people who share our social characteristics. The tendency to have contact with people equal in socail contact. => homogamy- people who share the same characteristicsThe greatest homophily is be race/ethnicity, then education and ageCouples are least likely to be the same on religion. It is intersesting that short-term partnerships are as homophilious as marriages and common-law relationships. The research discussed so far agures that similarity in attitudes is important, butsimilarity in personality is notReal couples were significantly more similar on values, religiousity, and political attitudes but no more similar than randon couples on personality. Similarity on attachment styles was associated with indicators of martial satisfaction, but similarity in attitudes was notPhysical AttractivenessSkin tone was strongly associated with the attractivenes ratings given female respondents by both male and female interviewersPhysical attractiveness is more important to men evaluating women than it is to women evaluating men. Our perception of attractiveness or beauty of another person is influneced by ourevaluation of their intelligence, liking, and respect, as well as by our own onjective attractiveness.Face is importantThe Interpersonal MarketplacePair off: depend on what we have to offer and how much we think we can “buy: with it. Matching phenomenin: The tendency for men and women to choose as partners people who match them – that is, people who are similar in attitudes, intelligence, and attractivenessIn couples, attractiveness and success relatedFrom the Laboratory to Real LifePerceived similarity: The extent to which an individual believes his or her partner is similar on important characteristicsIndividual’s rating of self-worth predicted the level of physical and socail attractiveness Same-sex: physical attractiveness fell between agreeableness and status
In everyday life, the type of man that woman find attractivesnes is influneced by hormonal fluctuations related to the menstrual cycle.