Nipah-Educator-act.pdf - Virus Hunter Epidemiology of Nipah...

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Infectious Disease Revised October 2017 Page 1 of 4 Virus Hunter: Epidemiology of Nipah Virus Activity Educator Materials OVERVIEW This worksheet complements the short video “ Virus Hunter: Monitoring Nipah Virus in Bat Populations ” from the Scientists at Work series. The Scientists at Work series is intended to provide insights into the daily work of scientists that builds toward discoveries. The series focuses especially on scientists in the field and what motivates their work. In this activity, students will play the role of epidemiologists, analyzing real data from an outbreak of Nipah virus in Malaysia, attempting to identify the reservoir of the virus and curtail the outbreak. Students will make predictions, perform calculations, adapt to new information, and make recommendations to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO). KEY CONCEPTS Viruses cause disease in some hosts and not others. Viruses are adapted to their natural host (reservoir). Often, when viruses “spill over” into new species, they are far deadlier than they are to their natural reservoirs. Most viruses infect a limited number of species, or hosts, but occasionally they adapt and spread to other hosts. To understand how outbreaks begin and spread, public health officials collect evidence from basic biological research, interviews, monitoring people’s health status, and purposefully designed studies. There are many ways to assess whether an individual is infected with a virus, each with benefits and drawbacks. Epidemiologists must obtain data (often times conflicting) from many sources and report pertinent findings succinctly to allow outbreaks to be contained. STUDENT LEARNING TARGETS Use appropriate scientific terms, including “reservoir” and “spill over,” in describing a disease outbreak. Synthesize information about antigens and antibodies with their knowledge about enzymes to understand enzyme immunoassay technology. Use the information collected in the studies to distill complex, real-world data and basic calculations to make decisions on the spread of Nipah in the cases presented. CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS Standards Curriculum Connections AP Bio (2015) 1.C.3, 2.D.3, 3.C.3, 4.B.4, SP1, SP2, and SP5 IB Bio (2016) 6.3, 11.1 Vision and Change (2009) CC1, CC5, DP1, DP2, DP5 KEY TERMS epidemiology, immunology, Nipah, outbreak, quantitation, virus TIME REQUIREMENTS One 50-minute class period; however, any of the five parts may be assigned as homework. SUGGESTED AUDIENCE AP/IB Biology College-level general biology, virology, microbiology, immunology, or public health courses
Virus Hunter: Epidemiology of Nipah Virus Infectious Disease Revised October 2017 Page 2 of 4 Activity Educator Materials PRIOR KNOWLEDGE Basic math skills, including order of operations and use of a four-function calculator.

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