{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter-20 - A.P U.S History Notes Chapter 20"Drifting...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 20: “Drifting Toward Disunion” ~ 1854 – 1861 ~ I. Stowe and Helper: Literary Incendiaries 1. In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stow published Uncle Tom’s Cabin , a popular book that awakened the passions of the North toward the evils of slavery. 2. The book sold millions of copies, and overseas, British people were charmed by it. i. The book helped Britain stay out of the Civil War because its people, who had read the book and had now denounced slavery, wouldn’t allow intervention on behalf of the South. 3. Another book, The Impending Crisis of the South , was written by Hinton R. Helper , a non- aristocratic white North Carolinian who tried to prove, by an array of stats, that the non-slave- holding Southern whites were really the ones most hurt by slavery. i. Published in the North, this book and Uncle Tom’s Cabin were both banned in the South but widely read in the North. II. The North-South Contest for Kansas 1. Northerners began to pour into Kansas, and Southerners were outraged, since they had supported the Compromise of 1850 under the impression that Kansas would become slave. 2. Thus, on election day in 1855, hordes of Southerners from Missouri flooded the polls and elected Kansas to be a slave state; free soilers unable to stomach this set up their own government in Topeka. i. Thus, confused Kansans had to chose between two governments: one illegal (in Topeka) and the other fraudulent (in Shawnee). 3. In 1856, a group of proslavery raiders shot up and burned part of Lawrence, thus starting violence. III. Kansas in Convulsion 1. John Brown , a crazy man (literally), led a band of followers to Pottawatomie Creek in May of 1856 and hacked to death five presumable proslaveryites. i. This brutal violence surprised even the most ardent abolitionists and brought swift retaliation from proslaveryites. 2. By 1857, Kansas had enough people to apply for statehood, and those for slavery devised the Lecompton Constitution , which provided that the people were only allowed to vote for the constitution “with slavery” or “without slavery.” i. If the constitution was passed “without slavery,” then those slaveholders already in the state would still be protected. ii. Angry free soilers boycotted the polls and Kansas approved the constitution with slavery. 3. In Washington, James Buchanan had succeeded Franklin Pierce, but like the former prez, Buchanan was more towards the South, and firmly supported the Lecompton Constitution. 4. Senator Stephen Douglas , refusing to have this fraudulency, threw away his Southern support when he fought for a fair election, and the result was the Lecompton Constitution voted on as a whole .
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern