Chapter-20

Chapter-20 - A.P U.S History Notes Chapter 20"Drifting Toward Disunion ~ 1854 1861 ~ I Stowe and Helper Literary Incendiaries 1 In 1852 Harriet

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A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 20: “Drifting Toward Disunion” ~ 1854 – 1861 ~ I. Stowe and Helper: Literary Incendiaries 1. In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stow published Uncle Tom’s Cabin , a popular book that awakened the passions of the North toward the evils of slavery. 2. The book sold millions of copies, and overseas, British people were charmed by it. i. The book helped Britain stay out of the Civil War because its people, who had read the book and had now denounced slavery, wouldn’t allow intervention on behalf of the South. 3. Another book, The Impending Crisis of the South , was written by Hinton R. Helper , a non- aristocratic white North Carolinian who tried to prove, by an array of stats, that the non-slave- holding Southern whites were really the ones most hurt by slavery. i. Published in the North, this book and Uncle Tom’s Cabin were both banned in the South but widely read in the North. II. The North-South Contest for Kansas 1. Northerners began to pour into Kansas, and Southerners were outraged, since they had supported the Compromise of 1850 under the impression that Kansas would become slave. 2. Thus, on election day in 1855, hordes of Southerners from Missouri flooded the polls and elected Kansas to be a slave state; free soilers unable to stomach this set up their own government in Topeka. i. Thus, confused Kansans had to chose between two governments: one illegal (in Topeka) and the other fraudulent (in Shawnee). 3. In 1856, a group of proslavery raiders shot up and burned part of Lawrence, thus starting violence. III. Kansas in Convulsion 1. John Brown , a crazy man (literally), led a band of followers to Pottawatomie Creek in May of 1856 and hacked to death five presumable proslaveryites. i. This brutal violence surprised even the most ardent abolitionists and brought swift retaliation from proslaveryites. 2. By 1857, Kansas had enough people to apply for statehood, and those for slavery devised the Lecompton Constitution , which provided that the people were only allowed to vote for the constitution “with slavery” or “without slavery.” i. If the constitution was passed “without slavery,” then those slaveholders already in the state would still be protected. ii. Angry free soilers boycotted the polls and Kansas approved the constitution with slavery. 3. In Washington, James Buchanan had succeeded Franklin Pierce, but like the former prez, Buchanan was more towards the South, and firmly supported the Lecompton Constitution. 4. Senator Stephen Douglas , refusing to have this fraudulency, threw away his Southern support when he fought for a fair election, and the result was the Lecompton Constitution voted on as a whole . 5.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course USHIST 102 taught by Professor Smythe during the Spring '08 term at TCU.

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Chapter-20 - A.P U.S History Notes Chapter 20"Drifting Toward Disunion ~ 1854 1861 ~ I Stowe and Helper Literary Incendiaries 1 In 1852 Harriet

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