{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}


Chapter-31 - A.P U.S History Notes Chapter 31"Progressivism...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 31: “Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt” ~ 1901 – 1912 ~ I. Progressive Roots 1. In the beginning of the 1900s, America had 76 million people, mostly in good condition, but before the first decade of the 20 th century, the U.S. would be struck by a movement by people known as the progressives , who fought against monopoly, corruption, inefficiency, and social injustice. i. The purpose of the Progressive Movement was to use the government as an agency of human welfare. 2. The Progressives had their roots in the Greenback Labor Party of the 1870s and 1880s and the Populist Party of the 1890s. 3. In 1894, Henry Demarest Lloyd exposed the corruption of the monopoly of the Standard Oil Company with his book Wealth Against Commonwealth , while Thorstein Veblen criticized the new rich (those who made money from the trusts) in The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899). 4. Other exposers of the corruption of trusts, or muckrakers , as Theodore Roosevelt called them, were Jacob A. Riis , writer of How the Other Half Lives , a book about the New York slums, and novelist Theodore Dreiser , who wrote The Financier and The Titan . 5. Socialists and feminists gained strength, and with people like Jane Addams and Lillian Wald , women entered the Progressive fight. II. Raking Muck with the Muckrakers 1. Beginning about 1902, a group of aggressive ten- and fifteen-cent popular magazines, such as Cosmopolitan , Collier’s , and Everybody’s , began flinging the dirt about the trusts. 2. Despite criticism, reformer-writers ranged far and wide to lay bare the muck on the back of American society. i. In 1902, Lincoln Steffens launched a series of articles in McClure’s entitled “The Shame of the Cities,” in which he unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and the government. ii. Ida M. Tarbell launched a devastating exposé against Standard Oil. 3. These writers exposed the mean trust, the “money trust,” the railroad barons, and the corrupt amassing of American fortunes, this last part done by Thomas W. Lawson . 4. David G. Phillips charged that 75 of the 90 U.S. Senators did not represent the people but actually the railroads and trusts. 5. Ray Stannard Baker ’s Following the Color Line was about the illiteracy of Blacks. 6. John Spargo ’s The Bitter Cry of the Children exposed child labor. 7. Dr. Harvey W. Wiley exposed the frauds that sold potent patent medicines by experimenting on himself. 8. The muckrakers sincerely believed that the cure to the ill so of American democracy was more democracy. III. Political Progressivism 1. Progressives were mostly middle-class citizens who felt squeezed by both the big trusts above and the restless immigrant hordes working for cheap labor that came from below.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2. The Progressives favored the “ initiative ” so that voters could directly propose legislation, the referendum ” so that the people could vote on laws that affected them, and the “ recall ” to
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 5

Chapter-31 - A.P U.S History Notes Chapter 31"Progressivism...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online