Chapter-43

Chapter-43 - A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 43: "The...

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A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 43: “The Resurgence of Conservatism” ~ 1980 – 1996 ~ I. The Triumph of Conservatism 1. President Jimmy Carter ’s administration seemed to be befuddled and bungling, since it could not control the rampant double-digit inflation or handle foreign affairs and would not remove regulatory controls from major industries such as airlines. i. Late in 1979, Edward Kennedy (“Ted”) declared his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for 1980, but he was hurt by his suspicious 1969 accident in which a young female passenger drowned. 2. As the Democrats duked it out, the Republicans chose conservative and former actor Ronald Reagan , signaling the return of conservatism, since the average American was older than that during the stormy sixties and was more likely to favor the right. i. New groups that spearheaded the “new right” movement included Moral Majority and other conservative Christian groups. 3. Race was a burning issue, and in the 1974 Milliken vs. Bradley case, the Supreme Court ruled that desegregation plans could not require students to move across school-district lines. i. This reinforced the “ white flight ” that pitted the poorest whites and blacks against each other, often with explosively violent results. 4. Affirmative action was another burning issue, but some whites used this to argue “reverse discrimination” and gain advantages that way. i. The Bakke case of 1978 saw the Supreme Court barely rule that Allan Bakke had not been admitted into U.C. Davis because the university preferred minority races only and ordered the college to admit Bakke. 5. The Supreme Court’s only black justice, Thurgood Marshall , warned that the denial of racial preferences might sweep away the progress gained by the civil rights movement. II. The Election of Ronald Reagan, 1980 1. Ronald Reagan was a man whose values had been formed before the turbulent sixties, and in a style resembling his early political hero, Franklin D. Roosevelt , Reagan adopted a stance that depicted “big government” as bad, federal intervention in local affairs as condemnable, and favoritism for minorities as negative. i. He drew on the ideas of a group called the “ neoconservatives ,” a group that included Norman Podhortz , editor of Commentary magazine, and Irving Kristol , editor of Public Interest , two men who championed free-market capitalism. 2. Reagan had grown up in an impoverished family, become a B-movie actor in Hollywood I the 1940s, become president of the Screen Actors Guild , purged suspected “reds” in the McCarthy era, acted as spokesperson for General Electric , and become Californian governor. 3. Reagan’s photogenic personality and good looks on televised debates, as well as his attacks on President Carter’s problems, helped him win the election of 1980 by a landslide (489 – 49).
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i. Also, Republicans regained control of the Senate. 4.
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Chapter-43 - A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 43: "The...

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