Unformatted text preview: he audio instructions on the CD and
giving up on the guided meditations early on in the
course. Occasionally he meditated on sound, which he
found calming, but admitted that since the course had
ended this practice was diminishing. He continued to
struggle with difficult emotional states and believed that
while the mindfulness approach was helpful, it was only
helpful to a certain degree:
"How much that degree is I couldn't quite fathom at the
moment, it's not been long enough. There are so many hurdles
that you've got to jump over. It's so easy to trip up, so unbelievably easy to get yourself back into the rut....I think perhaps it
makes you recognise that you are on the edge of the rut quicker
rather than falling into it and saying how the hell did I get here.
And it gives you some methods of holding a better balance."-P1
Pre and post course Beck depression and anxiety questionnaires were available for 11 individuals (table 5). The
mean pre-course depression score was 35.7 and post
course was 17.8, with a mean before-after difference of
17.9. (95% C.I. 9.38 : 26.4). A similar reduction is noted
in anxiety with a mean pre-course anxiety score of 32.0
and mean post course of 20.5. The mean reduction in anxiety was 11.45 (95% C.I 0.69 : 22.22). Effect sizes for the
intervention of 1.5 and 0.77 were calculated for depression and anxiety respectively using Cohen's D statistics
. Cohen defined effect sizes above 0.8 as large. Discussion
In the present study four research questions were considered;
1. Is MBCT an acceptable intervention to patients with
depression and anxiety?
2. What benefit, if any, do patients derive from the mindfulness approach?
3. Do patients continue to employ mindfulness techniques to cope with adverse mental states, three months
after the course has finished?
4. Does an 8-week course result in improved mood as
measured on Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and
Beck Anxiety Inventory http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/6/14 Is MBCT an acceptable intervention to patients with
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor H during the Spring '11 term at ENGECON University.
- Spring '11