an exploratory mixed methods study of the acceptability and effectiveness of mindfulness

This interpretation however is at odds with

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Unformatted text preview: e disorders include goal setting and behavioural activation, techniques to modify unhelpful assumptions, assertiveness training, and schema work [17]. From this perspective MBCT can be viewed as one component of a larger program of treatment. A third possibility is that the improvements in mood found in the present study were not specifically related to the MBCT course itself but were due to a 'regression towards the mean' phenomenon or/ and non -specific group effects. This interpretation however is at odds with theoretical and empirical support for mindfulness training [2-4,11,18]. In the present study, participants who described improvements in mood not only continued to practice mindfulness meditation on a regular basis, but also made changes in other areas of their lives. Behavioural changes included going back to work, giving up smoking and increasing exercise. Cognitive changes included recognising and disengaging from worrisome, unhelpful and self-critical thinking. Participants whose depression and anxiety resolved also had more social support and fewer ongoing interpersonal problems. Individuals with significant postcourse depression symptoms tended to have decreased levels of activity (one woman continued to spend much of her day in bed), were more socially isolated and had significant histories of unresolved trauma such as childhood sexual abuse, early emotional neglect and domestic violence. Although participants continued to use the breathing space to cope with anxiety, there appeared to be a marked difference in the application of this technique. Two of the http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/6/14 participants used the breathing space to recognise, welcome and disengage from worrisome thinking. This is in contrast to some other members of the group who continued to engage in active worry and use the breathing space as a way to cope with physiological symptoms of anxiety. This suggests that for these patients mindfulness training did not change the way they related to unhelpful beliefs about worry ("worry is protective"/"worry will help me cope"/"worry is not controllable")...
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor H during the Spring '11 term at ENGECON University.

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