6. TrainingLESSON 17 – UNIT READINESS PLANNINGHere are the educational objectives for this lesson. • Identify the phases of the systems approach to training (SAT) process. • Recognize the Marine Corps training principles. • Recognize the purpose of training and readiness manuals. • Identify the items that compose a training and readiness event. • Identify resources available to leaders when conducting training assessments.1.THE SYSTEMS APPROACH TO TRAINING1.1.INTRODUCTIONThe systems approach to training (SAT) process enhances the development of unit readiness planning by sculpting training events around what Marines need to know for their wartime missions while ensuring an efficient use of resources. Reviewing the five phases of the SAT process will assist in defining your role as a leader within the unit readiness planning (URP) process. The SAT process is a comprehensive methodology for analyzing, designing, developing, implementing, and evaluating the total process of learning and teaching. The SAT process identifies: • What is performed on the job • What needs to be instructed • How the instruction should be developed and conducted • Learning objectives • Needed revisions to instruction1.2.THE SAT PROCESSThe SAT process, sometimes referred to as the ADDIE process, is made up of five phases, each serving a specific purpose. • Analyze • Design • Develop • Implement
• Evaluate Each of the five phases involves inputs, a process, and outputs.1.3.THE SAT PROCESS - ANALYZEThe SAT process begins at the analysisphase. This phase is critical for the success of the entire program. During analysis: • Identify the goals to be achieved. • Identify the material to be taught. • Identify the current capabilities of the Marines. Scenario: Staff Sergeant Rubio is the platoon sergeant for his unit and wants to ensure his Marines are ready for the scheduled PFT at the end of June. He can apply the phases of the SAT process to help him improve his unit's physical fitness. In the analysis phase, SSgt Rubio sets the goal of improving the overall physical fitness of the platoon, identifies the materials needed to meet this goal, and conducts a mock PFT to determine the current scores—thus identifying what needs to be improved.1.4.THE SAT PROCESS - DESIGNThe output from the analysis phase becomes the basis for the designphase. This phase consists of specifying learning or training objectives. These objectives lead to detailed plans which act as a blueprint for the training. Scenario: SSgt Rubio identifies the specific training objectives needed to improve the unit's average PFT score. He identifies how many Marines need to improve their pull-ups, sit-ups, or run times. He then identifies the best methods for increasing those scores and formulates a training strategy for his platoon.