This Week’s FocusUpon completion of this weekly module, learners will havedemonstrated the ability to:•assess various employment communications and create effectiveemployment communication documents (print, digital, and oral)
Résumés: Working withthe Job AdChoosing the Best Résumé TypeGeneral Recommendations for Résumés and Résumé SectionsAnalyzing the Job Ad and the Organization’s WebsiteAdapting the Résumé to the Job AdCommon Résumé Errors
Choosing the Best Résumé Type•Depending on the way information is organized into sections, résumés can be categorized as•chronological(employment history in reverse chronological order; detailed descriptions for job tasks;•functional(employment history in reverse chronological order; extended Summary of Skills to preface alist of jobs (the summary lists 5-8 skills relevant for the job sought & present them as outcomes of tasksperformed in previously held jobs; the list of jobs mentions only the position, the organization, and thedates of employment).•Applicants withextensive experiencein the field in which they are seeking a new job tend to produce achronologicalrésumé – to stress the wealth of experience they accumulated.•Applicants with minimal or no experience in the field in which they are seeking a new job (recent graduates/people interested in a career change) generally produce afunctional résumé, so they can insist on thetransferrableskills accumulated through employment experiences and other means (volunteering work,education, etc.) – skills that arerelevantfor the job sought•Another option is to use a combination– provide a Summary of Skills as well as a detailed EmploymentHistory section. This would allow you to use the best features of both types. If you choose this option, avoidduplicating information (do not repeat information in the Summary of Skills and in the Employment Historysections).Read before class.
General Recommendations for Résumés•You probably already have a résumé, but in case you do not have one/ haven’t updated it in a while, build a basiconethat includes the sections listed on the next pages. Each time you apply for a job, you should customizethebasic résumé to fit the job offer.•Students and recent graduates:•Employers usually look at applicants’ documents in the following order: Résumé – Cover Letter – Transcripts.•Employers seegood gradesas a sign that the applicant will be a hard-working individual and a fast learner,since they believe that past behavior is the best predictor for future behavior.•They also like to see that an applicant’s grades have beenincreasingover time.•What they don’t like to see is a transcript showing consistently low grades.If you had low grades because youhad to work in order to afford to be in school and did not have much time for study, you should emphasizethat in your Cover Letter.