Paper 2- ADHD

Paper 2- ADHD - [Type text] ADHD: Factual or Fictional? The...

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[Type text] ADHD: Factual or Fictional? The current popularity and prevalence of ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) has caused many people to question its existence. Since ADHD typically involves childlike behavior, some people speculate the possibility that the diagnosis is merely an indication that childishness is no longer tolerated in our culture, even in children. The uncertainty of its existence has led to numerous studies which investigate if ADHD is a mental disease, or if it is an excuse to rid childishness. If a biological basis for ADHD can be proven, then it would verify that the disorder is more than an “intolerance of childlike behavior.” However, if it is found that ADHD is not a neurobiological disorder, and that brain irregularities depicted in neuro-imaging were cause by psychotropic medications, then these irregularities can be avoided by eliminating the prescription of these so-called harmful drugs. In the International Consensus Statement on ADHD , Russell A. Barkley, and a group of other psychologists led by him, argues that ADHD is indeed a valid biological disorder. The legitimacy of ADHD is supported by many compelling arguments which are difficult to question. “Occasional coverage of the disorder
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[Type text] casts the story in the form of a sporting event with evenly matched competitors (Barkley et al);” Barkley wants to make it clear to his audience in the beginning that arguments against ADHD’s existence are from non-expert doctors who do not hold equal merit to major medical associations or government health agencies who claim that ADHD is real- it is an unequal battle and many people do not realize it. Second, they explain that the appearance of brain irregularities among ADHD diagnosed children is not a coincidence. In addition, they also argue that studies on twins (fraternal and identical) show that ADHD is extremely hereditary. All arguments show that ADHD is, without doubt, a biological disorder that has “varied and substantial adverse impact on those who may suffer from it (Barkley, 209).” On the other side, Sami Timimi and a group of researchers contradict Barkley’s consensus statement by arguing that “the current ADHD epidemic is the result of unrealistic expectations for today’s children and the pharmaceutical companies’ desire to sell more drugs” (Timimi et al., 204). Within the first three
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Paper 2- ADHD - [Type text] ADHD: Factual or Fictional? The...

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