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AP PSYCHOLOGY 2020-21Costantino/Le/Mette/StarkUNIT 3: NEUROPSYCHOLOGYApplication Activity: Developing BrainGROUP MEMBERS Names:You and your group (2-3) make up a team of psychologists who offer a Q and A column in a national family magazine. Below are letters from parentslooking for answers to issues surrounding their child’s learning and behavior. Using current research on the developing brain discussed in class(including the 2 articles-”First Year’s Fallacy” and “What Makes Teens Tick?”and the video segments), write a research-based response to thefollowing inquiries. Your explanations should include relevant brain physiology and correct terminology (structures, neurotransmitters, concepts like“pruning,” etc.) Remember to structure your response in the form of a letter!1.Dear Doc,My 16 year old daughter spends hours talking on the phone or computer with friends. Frequently she is up 2-3 hours later than the rest ofthe family. In the morning, it is nearly impossible to wake her for school. Help!Signed, Tired Parents16 is a prime time of puberty, and when a child is going through puberty, their hormones are very erratic which makes them emotional, moody,and prone to making rash decisions. They will often choose listening to their friends and doing what is fun rather than logical. Teenagers are alsoconstantly looking for experiences that induce excitement or intense feelings, and this includes the desire for low effort, high activity things, whichcan perfectly describe using a phone and talking to your friends. Within the brain, decisions that a child makes is more based in the amygdalawhich is associated with gut feelings and emotions, and adults in the frontal lobe associated with planning and judgement. This makes kids muchmore prone to making mistakes in decision-making, and relying heavily on emotion rather than logic. Because teenagers lack activity in the frontallobe, this also makes it difficult for them to work on important things and create schedules for themselves rather than effortlessly sitting on theirphones or computers. At nighttime, the use of a blue-light emitting screen interferes with sleep patterns by suppressing secretion of the hormonemelatonin, which already takes longer to rise in teenagers than adults naturally.A child’s brain also lacks a fully-developed control system thatstops them from obsessive behaviors with things like phones or other devices. What we would suggest due to this, is to reduce a child’s screentime with strict house rules. Not only for the children, but implying them on yourself as much as you can which can make it easier for your child tofollow the rules, making them feel a sense of fairness. Make it mandatory in your household to put away all devices at least an hour before goingto sleep, and maintaining a healthy sleep schedule. This allows not only for a healthy amount of sleep at the right times, but a stronger sense of

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Term
Fall
Professor
Swanson
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