Mesopotamia2007Lec5

Mesopotamia2007Lec5 - THE RISE OF CIVILIZATION February 8,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 T HE R ISE OF C IVILIZATION [\Mesopotamia2007Lec5.wpd] February 8, 2007 T. D’Altroy M ESOPOTAMIAN C IVILIZATION V: A KKADIAN THROUGH O LD B ABYLONIAN E MPIRES © Terence N. D’Altroy [main sources: Redman 1978; Roaf 1990; Postgate 1992; de Montmollin 1992 lecture notes; van de Mieroop 1992; Stein 1994; Wenke 1999] 1. main points of lecture today: trace out formation of first Mesopotamian empires a. move from formation of expansionist city-states b. to Akkad c. and Old Babylonian era 2. major trends a. cycles: empire formation 1. conquest of neighboring states 2. vast expansion of territory b. followed by collapse : interregnum 1. Gutian 2. Isin/Larsa c. increasing competition among different sources of power within society 1. expansion of more truly secular political power 2. continued importance of temple as powerful institution 3. assertion of great families d. economy 1. integration of region from a. Mediterranean to Iran b. Anatolia to Persian Gulf 3. fascinating era a. history becomes accessible through both 1. documentary information: much wider array of documents 2. archaeology b. generally speaking 1. king lists tend to be grandiose in their claims 2. local documents and archaeology suggest multiple layers of integration C YCLES OF E MPIRES 1. what is an empire? a. expansionist polity, usually with a state at its core b. varied assimilation of subject groups 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1. hegemonic rule: indirect, low investment/ low control 2. territorial rule: direct, high investment/ high control 2. cycles of empires began: with formation of Akkadian empire in 2350 BC a. empire b. political collapse 3. Sargon’s feats kick off new pattern a. conquests : united multiple city-states into larger state b. grander in scale c. diverse societies united 1. ethnically 2. organizationally A KKADIAN E MPIRE 1. dates: 2350-2200 BC a. formed by Sargon’s conquests 1. Sargon means true king 2. based at capital of Akkad [a.k.a. Agade] 2. we shouldn’t confuse political unity and collapse with a. cultural advance and decline or with b. benefit and loss to general populace -------- c. political unity often came at expense of general populace 1. local society often better off as independent 2. e.g., concentration of power at Babylon led to decline in economy of southern Mesopotamia a. sucked out wealth that had circulated locally 3. Sargon and his successors: spoke Semitic language a. i.e., not Sumerians 1. but relatively mobile peoples b. long-term process 1. Sumerian language displaced by Semitic 2. for rulers and people c. first in northern Mesopotamia: Kish 1. much later in southern Mesopotamia 4. Sargon and successors: new capital at Akkad a. military base for campaigns 1. military was the imperial glue 2
Background image of page 2
2. tight political control several centuries away b. location of capital is still unknown 1. somewhere near Kish 2. toward northern edge of Sumer 5. dynasty of 5 kings a. first conquests 1. local in N. Mesopotamia: Kish 2. then south: into heart of Sumer 3. more decisive than city-state conflicts
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ANTH V1008 taught by Professor D'altroy during the Spring '08 term at Columbia.

Page1 / 11

Mesopotamia2007Lec5 - THE RISE OF CIVILIZATION February 8,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online