103 Final exam review F'07REAL

103 Final exam review F'07REAL - PHIL 103 Introduction to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Final Exam Review 150-point test I. Terminology: describe and distinguish the following sets of terms. Examples are helpful but do not replace explanations. (Approximately two sentences per term.) a. Basic principle of liberty- that people ought to be able to do what they choose unless there is some reason to restrict their behavior by force of law. liberty- limiting principles- principles or norms for determining when the law may rightly restrict our liberty and for what reasons. b. Harm principle- the law may rightly restrict a person from doing what he wants in order to prevent him from harming others, according to Mill his is the primary reason that we may legitimately restrict peoples behavior by legal force. Social harm principle- the law may prevent people from doing what they wish or choose when their action causes harm to society itself. Offense Principle- society may restrict peoples choice to do what they want in order to prevent them from offending others. c. Legal paternalism- peoples liberty also may be restricted to prevent them from doing harmful things to themselves.(law makes us wear seatbelt) /Legal moralism- the law may rightly act to prevent people from doing what is immoral just because it is immoral. (victimless crimes) d. Distributive justice- what is just or right with respect to the allocation of goods in a society. Retributive justice- maintains that proportionate punishment is a morally acceptable response to crime, regardless of whether the punishment causes any tangible benefits.(punishment fits the crime) e. Process view-end-state view of distributive justice- outcome dealing with distribution is just if it is the result of a just process. f. Libertarianism- is a political theory about both the importance of liberty in human life, and the role of government. Capitalism- an economic system in which individuals or business corporations(not gov or state) own and control most of the countries capital. Socialism- an economic system, political movement, and social theory. Governments should own and control most of the nations resources. Modern Liberalism- stresses the primary of justice and liberty rights. /Communitarianism- based on the notion of free and equal persons who agree to certain things. People have very different moral views g. Original Position- pg/284 veil of ignorance- h. Justice as fairness- Rawls name for the set of principles he defends, these principles are his priciples of justice. reflective equilibrium- state of balance among a set of beliefs arrived at by a process of deliberative mutual adjustment among general principles and particular judgments. i. Strong- give until you would be worse off than those your giving too weak version of Principle of Comparable Moral Importance- give until you are required to give up something of moral importance. j.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

103 Final exam review F'07REAL - PHIL 103 Introduction to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online