Midterm study guide

Midterm study guide - Purely descriptive sentences state...

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Purely descriptive sentences- state certain factual beliefs psychology, sociology Normative sentences- evaluative ,norms or standards of what’s right or wrong how people ought to behave. Meta-ethics-analyze the meaning of ethical language, analyze ethical terms and ethical statements to determine what they mean Normative ethics- evaluative and not simply descriptive and grounds its judgments in certain norms or values. Applied Ethics- the analysis of specific controversial moral issues Consequentialist- theories based on moral judgments on consequences, Utilitarianism Non-cosequentialist- theories that hold that actions can be right or wrong regardless of their consequences. Kant’s moral theory Devine Command theory- certain things are good for us to do bc this is what God wants. Certain actions are right bc it’s what God wills for us. Euthyphro question- Whether things are good bc God approves them or whether God approves them bc they are good. Ethical Relativism- there is no objective standard of right and wrong and no universally true moral priciples. cultural- no universal standards things are accepted as morally right in different cultures. Individual- ethical judgments and beliefs are the expressions of the moral outlook and attitudes of individual persons. Everyone has the own set of beliefs. Ethical non-relativism- there is an objective right and wrong. There is a universal standard Psychological egoism- descriptive claim- people are ALWAYS selfish or self centered. Ethical Egoism- normative claim- people OUGHT to be selfish and self interested. If EE is true PE is false bc EE says you ought which means there a chance of failing If PE is true then altruism is impossible. Individual EE- you only ought to act to help yourself Universal EE- everyone ought to look out for and seek only their own best interests. Altruism- acting in ways in which you don’t profit but your acting to help others Selfish- placing your own needs or desires above others.
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