1-Reconstruction: period following the civil war; reconstruction of the south and United States, how to reunite the north and south. How to rebuild the nation’s (south’s) economy. How would the nation be reunited and who would control the rebuilding?How would the South’s and the nations economy be restoredWhat would happen to the slaves that were freed?1865-1877 but some acts of reconstruction (1863 and Abe Lincoln) began before the war was over. Emancipation proclamation (great emancipator: Abe Lincoln)Not an idealist; did not have set ideas of right and wrong, very much a pragmatist, early on in the war his early goal of the war was UNION, no matter what. 1862: he met with African American leaders to discuss colonization, take the freed slaves away from America and settle them somewhere else. Blacks rejected this.Getting to the emancipation proclamation was a process.January 1, 1863: emancipation proclamation went into effect. Large numbers of slaves were running away behind union lines even though the fugitive slave law meant to return runaway slaves to their owners. Slave resistance: “contraband”: contraband of war: stuff being used by the enemy to support the war effort. Ten-percent plan: Lincoln did not have a fixed plan for reconstruction. December 1863 announced the planLenient proposal: ten percent of the electorate of a state to pledge future loyalty of the union and could begin building a new government. This plan was to thought possibly weaken the confederacy. More rebels would lay down their arms and returnLincoln was a lawyer and believed that states could not legally recede. TN, LA, VA, and AR took advantage of the plan and built new governments. Congress did not recognize the new governments.
Lincoln-Congress Tensions: Congress was made up of mostly republicans Because most of the south were democrats and left congress.