February-2 - Notes, 2-12-08 Chapter 4 Carbohydrates...

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Chapter 4 Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are commonly called “sugars” and “starches.” If you don’t burn off CHO, they turn into fat. There are good, complex, CHO and bad, simple, CHO. They are the main source of energy. They are broken down to give us energy. They are used for quick energy. You should eat more CHO than other nutrients. CHO is a macro nutrient. You can’t take it as a pill because the pill would be way too big. It would be fair to say that you could get some from a pill. Classes of Nutrients Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Vitamins Minerals Water CHO- We will cover: Types of CHO- what they are, food sources, how much do we need of each type? CHO digestion and absorption CHO metabolism CHO and health- diabetes, hyperactivity, mood, dental caries Artificial sweeteners What are carbohydrates (CHO)? Carbohydrate literally means “carbon” + “water” Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. General formula is (CH20)n Carbohydrates contain usable energy (4kcal/gram) Carbohydrates are almost exclusively plant derived, with the exception of milk and dairy foods. CHO are manufactured by plants using energy from the sun (photosynthesis). Plants and CHO Photosynthesis: Carbon Dioxide + Water Glucose + Oxygen Glucose is the form of stored energy plants use. Plants supply most of the CHO in our diets. The simplest CHO are
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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February-2 - Notes, 2-12-08 Chapter 4 Carbohydrates...

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