Notes 2-22-08 - (Mean Monkey younger child thought monkey...

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Notes 2-22-08 Chapter 4 Preoperational period (bad sense of how things operate) Age: 2 – 7 years Major achievement: Conservation Piaget suggested that from 2 years old to about 6 – 7 years old, children are in the preoperational stage – too young to perform mental operations. Centration Focusing on one aspect of the operation. Egocentrism Piaget concluded that preschool children nare ego centric. They cannot perceive things from another’s point of view. (Juice box with ropes, what Jesse will think) When asked to show her picture to Mommy, 2-year-old Gabriella holds the picture to her own eyes, believing her mother can see the picture through her eyes. Theory of Mind Preschoolers, although still egocentric, develop the ability to understand another’s mental state when they begin forming a theory of mind
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Unformatted text preview: . (Mean Monkey- younger child thought monkey thought what he thought. Older child had theory of mind.) Preoperational Stage: Criticism DeLoache showed that children as young as three were able to use mental operations. When shown a model of a dog’s hiding place behind the couch, a 2 ½ year old could not locate the stuffed dog in an actual room, but the 3 year old did. Piaget would’ve said the 3 year old couldn’t. Concrete Operational Stage In concrete operational stage, given concrete materials, 6 – 7 year olds grasp conservation problems and mentally pour liquids back and forth into glasses of different shapes conserving their quantities. They still cannot grasp abstract operations. Children in this stage are able to transform mathematical functions. So, if 4 + 8 = 12, 12 – 4 = 8 is also easily doable....
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