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Nutrition - Nutrition Food 1 Energy 2 /damagedcells 3...

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Nutrition Food 1. Energy  2. Bulding blocks to create new cells to replace old/damaged cells 3. Contains essential nutrients for proper body functions  Metabolism  Metabolism : total of all chemical reactions that happen in your body. Catabolism:  large complex molecule broken down into small simple molecules. Anabolism : small simple molecule made into large complex molecules for your own body (?) Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR):  energy required for basic body function. Six Essential Nutrients for Life Carbohydrates (Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen) 50% of calories ( 1g = 4 cal) Functions: 1. Provide short term energy  2. Materials to build cells  Types:  1. Polysacarides E.g. starch, glucose, cellulose  2. Disacharides E.g. lactose, maltose, sucrose  3. Monosacharides  E.g. glucose(G), fructose(F),  galactose(Gal) Lipids (Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen-Phosphate) 30% of calories (1g = 9 cal) Functions:  1.
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