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Carbohydrates - MACROMOLECULES EXAM REVIEW MACROMOLECULES A...

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MACROMOLECULES EXAM REVIEW MACROMOLECULES - A large molecule - Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids Polymer: large molecule made of linked monomers Monomer : individual units of something Polymers Created & Broken Down When hydroxyl come together to create a band with oxygen & water. Known as a condensation reaction or dehydration synthesis reaction Polymerization is the process of creating a polymer. Polymers are broken down when water is added to a polymer and forces that oxygen bond to break . This is known as hydrolysis . Functions of Macromolecules C ARBOHYDRATE Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and sometimes Nitrogen Ending with –ose or –saacharides Ketones & aldehydes (functional groups) Functions 1. Short term energy storage 2. Cell surface identification 3. Cell wall structure L IPIDS Carbon, Hydrogen & Oxygen Large hydrophobic and non-polar regions Energy rich Functions 1. Long term energy storage 2. Thermal insulation 3. Organ protection 4.
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